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Geography: Croatia is a former Yugoslav republic on the Adriatic Sea...Part of Croatia is a barren, rocky region lying in the Dinaric Alps...The Zagorje region north of the capital, Zagreb, is a land of rolling hills, and the fertile agricultural region of the Pannonian Plain is bordered by the Drava, Danube, and Sava Rivers in the east...More than one-third of Croatia is forested.
Neighbors: Slovenia, Hungary on the N, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Serbia and Montenegro on the E.
Capital: Zagreb, 930,753.
Major Languages: Croatian 96%; Other 4%
Main exports: Machinery and transport equipment, clothing, chemicals
Average annual income: US $4,530
Monetary unit: 1 kuna = 100 lipa
International dialling code: +385
Religion: Roman Catholic 72.5%, Orthodox 14.8%, Muslim 5% mainly Bosnian refugees, Jehovah's Witness 0.15%, non-religious-other about 7%.
Evangelicals comprise only 0.12% of the total population.
From the 7th century the area was inhabited by Croats, a south Slavic people. It was formed into a kingdom under Tomislav in 924, and joined with Hungary in 1102. The Croats became westernized and separated from Slaves under Austro-Hungarian influence. The Croats retained autonomy under Hungarian crown. Slavonia was taken by Turks in the 16th century; the northern part was restored by the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699.
Croatia helped Austria put down the Hungarian revolution 1848-49 and as a result was set up with Slavonia as the separate Austrian crownland of Croatia and Slavonia, which was reunited to Hungary as part of Aus-ghleich in 1857. It united with other Yugoslav areas to proclaim the kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. At the reorganization of Yugoslavia in 1929, Croatia and Slavonia became Savska co., which in 1939 was united with Primorje co. to form the county of Croatia. A nominally independent state between 1941-45, it became a constituent republic in the 1946 constitution.
On June 25, 1991, Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia after which a war broke out with the Serbian population of Croatia. In August 1995 about 250,000 Serbs were expelled from their homes in Croatia as refugees.
Croatia is emerging from a decade in which it experienced a bitter war as the
former Yugoslavia broke up. Unemployment rate is around 20%.